Mullen has written a reliable, readable, and well-illustrated book that covers, in six chronological chapters, a selection of the major monuments of Mexican colonial architecture during the period from to independence.
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It will be useful to students and travelers or simply people interested in the architecture of Mexico—a vast group. Moody, Jr. Convert currency. Add to Basket. Condition: New. Language: English.
San Pedro y San Pablo, Teposcolula, View of Open Chapel
Brand new Book. Seller Inventory AAJ More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description New Book. Shipped from UK. Established seller since Seller Inventory CA Book Description University of Texas Press, Book Description University of Texas Press. New copy - Usually dispatched within 2 working days. Seller Inventory B Book Description Univ Texas Press. Seller Inventory Book Description Condition: New. Seller Inventory n.
Paperback or Softback. Architecture and Its Sculpture in Viceregal Mexico. Seller Inventory BBS Book Description Univ of Texas Pr, Condition: Brand New. In Stock. Robert J. Publisher: University of Texas Press , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. The following glossaries are those compiled from both those published sources credited as such in each contribution, or posted in their original PDF format.
Our intent is to post glossaries that span various topics in Spanish colonial and Mission era studies. Our priority, however, remains with Spanish colonial and Mission era art and architecture.
The Marquez and Ramos Navarro Wold document provides a comprehensive list of useful terminology related to the Spanish colonial and Missions era. Mendoza, Mendoza and Shari R. Also known as an impost block.
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See also chafrando. Synonymous with almohadilla. It is now used to mean a small bridge, culvert, drain, underground sewer, or, in Mexico City, a public fountain. It also refers to the walls of a staircase. Moorish origin. Altar is used in a special sense by writers of the later viceregal period in New Spain to refer to a retablo. C In the Roman Church, a table at which the celebration of the Eucharist takes place.
It is placed in a prominent place in the church, usually at the east end, in the choir or sanctuary, facing the main entrance to the church. The alternation may be quite obvious, between one pier strong support and one column weak support , or it may exist only in slight differences, such as in the shafting on each pier. A sculpture in high relief origin: Italian altorilievo, first known use D. Often an ambulatory leads around the east end of the choir; separating the choir from apses or chapels.
The wedge shaped elements that make up an arch keep one another in place and transform the vertical pressure of the structure above into lateral pressure. Parts of an arch: keystone, soffit, spring line, springer, voussoir. Measurements of an arch: rise, span. Related architectural elements: arcade, cusp, hood moulding, spandrel, tympanum. See also: intersecting arch, blind arch, relieving arch. It appears in Late Gothic of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
It is found particularly in Spain or in buildings influenced by Spanish ones. Ogee arches were used only in the late Gothic period. It helps relieve some of the weight on the arch of the opening. Blind arcade : A row of decorative arches applied to a wall. Decorated characteristically for each of the religious orders and their variations.
The atrium of the Early Christian church was originally a place for the catechumens to wait during the celebration of the Eucharist. In cities where a real audiencia was in residence, no public work or building could be undertaken without the approval of its officials. See also hierro. Synonymous with regla cercha in the eighteenth century. Today a baivel is square bevel used by stonemasons.
Early Christian baptism took place by total immersion, so the baptismal font was large and generally built into the floor of a separate building. Later, particularly in northern Europe, child baptism replaced adult baptism so the font could be made smaller and was usually placed in the church building itself. Used by smiths. The word bohar may have been a colloquialism, since it is not in the eighteenth-century dictionary. Bultos en nichos are composed of three-dimensional sculptures that represent images of Christian iconography placed within an enclosed architectural niche nicho.
This does not include simple arches and frames surrounding the bulto. May be a pier buttress. It is the area where the service is sung and clergy may stand, and the main or high altar is located. In some churches there is no choir, while in others, the choir is quite large and surrounded by an ambulatory. First known use: It connects the domestic parts of the monastery with the church.
Cloisters are usually located on the south side of the church. Other parts of monastery: chapter house, refectory, scriptorium.
Architecture and Its Sculpture in Viceregal Mexico - Robert J. Mullen - Google Books
Parts of a column: abacus or impost block, capital, shaft, column base. Sometimes isolated and used separately as a strong molding.
The drum often has openings or windows for lighting the interior below. Generally, medieval churches were oriented toward the east. However, topography of the land or other factors may have prevented an absolute east- west orientation for a church. The term east end, is generally used to describe the area where the main altar is placed in a medieval church, even in those cases where the church is not oriented exactly toward the east. Each of the orders had a characteristic entablature, with special decorative enrichment of the parts.
A Type of companario; a gable or projecting wall pierced with openings where bells are hung. The estado was originally the mean stature of a man. First used in a developed form in the later seventeenth century. C The elaborate painted emulations of costly woven textiles called estofado after the word estofa, meaning a type of quilted silk involved the layering of gold or silver leaf over a gesso base, followed by an overlay of oil paint or a translucent glaze.
In some regions, the paint was scratched through in a pattern to show the metallic surface below. In others, the lustrous surface was overlaid with painted gold patterns. Decorated characteristically for each religious order and its variations. M Hood mould or dripstone, an architectural feature for handling rain water. At times the figures were dressed in actual clothes and adorned with donated jewels. In many sculptures, however, garments were carved and painted to simulate cloth.
Ironworking was the first craft to be regulated in New Spain when in price controls were legislated. Consequently, iron and steel were imported from Spain either in bulk form as sheets or in bars or as worked pieces. Long before their arrival in New Mexico, Spaniards knew iron objects were valuable to Native Americans. Throughout the colonial period all types of metal objects were important trade items among Spaniards and Pueblo and Plains Indians. Other settlers were capable of making minor items and repairs as well.
The friars, however, set up workshops at the missions where the Pueblo Indians were instructed in various trades, particularly blacksmithing and carpentry. In the seventeenth century there was an armory in the casas reales and there were probably several blacksmith shops in Santa Fe.
Jamb statues were often human figures- either religious figures or secular or ecclesiastical leaders. It is important structurally since it marks the apex of the vault.
B Flat brick used for paving or roofing. A The large portion of the church in front of the altar where the congregation gathers. It is divided from the side aisles by columns, shafts or piers, is roofed with timber or vaulted in masonry, and usually rises above the level of the aisle roofts to provide high windows for lighting.
Colloquially, the term si used to indicate that portion of the church reserved for worshippers, and including the central and side aisles, crossing transepts. In The Catholic Encyclopedia.
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